However, the concentration of electrolytes in beverages may vary greatly. Some brands add a significant amount of minerals along with carbs and market their water as a sports drink, while others only add a negligible amount for taste.
Sweat also contains electrolytes, including a significant amount of sodium, as well as small amounts of potassium, calcium and magnesium. On average, you lose around 1 gram of sodium with every liter of sweat (5).
You should note that sports drinks are designed for athletes, not sedentary individuals. Along with electrolytes, they contain calories from added sugar. In fact, a 20-ounce (591-ml) bottle of Gatorade packs a whopping 30 grams of sugar (4).
Sports drinks and other electrolyte waters can be pricey, so you may want to consider a homemade version. Not only are these cheap to make, but they provide electrolytes without artificial colors or flavors.
Every scoop of HEED contains 110 calories and about the same amount of electrolytes as found in one Endurolytes capsule or approximately one-half tablet of Endurolytes Fizz. Neither of these two electrolyte replenishment products are a calories source. Most athletes will fulfill all their calorie needs, as well as at least some of their electrolyte needs for an hour with one to two scoops of HEED in a water bottle. Heavier athletes and/or athletes competing in hot-weather conditions will oftentimes need additional electrolytic mineral support via additional Endurolytes capsules or Endurolytes Fizz tablets.
Remember, optimal electrolyte replenishment during endurance exercise entails gradual, consistent intake incorporating ALL the electrolytes, not just sodium. It also requires consuming them in amounts that support but do not override normal body mechanisms. Fortunately, Hammer Nutrition's Endurolytes, Endurolytes Fizz, Endurolytes Extreme, and Endurolytes Extreme Powder do just that. Our formulations are balanced, full-spectrum electrolyte products that fulfill the body's electrolytic mineral requirements, thus optimizing specific bodily functions, enhancing endurance performance, and helping you avoid unpleasant issues associated with electrolyte imbalance or depletion.
Yes, Endurolytes Fizz is completely acceptable for use by children. With its low-sodium, full-spectrum electrolyte formula, Endurolytes Fizz is a far better choice than salt-saturated sports drinks or salt tablets.
Starting at an hourly dose of 1/2 tablet per 50-60 pounds of body weight, add Endurolytes Fizz tablets to your water or fuel bottle(s), allow to dissolve completely, and consume as needed to maintain proper hydration and electrolyte levels. Note: Each rapidly dissolving effervescent tablet contains the equivalent dosage of approximately two Endurolytes capsules.
This finally gave us the opportunity to gather empirical data to verify what we have been seeing anecdotally with athletes for decades. One of their drivers, Ricky Taylor, is an extremely gifted athlete and race car driver. However, when I met him in 2019, he was having severe difficulty with the heat stress situation during these endurance races. Primarily, suffering excessive fluid and electrolyte losses.
The hydration drink contains Vitamin C which contributes to the normal function of the immune system, the protection of cells from oxidative stress, and the reduction of tiredness and fatigue. Magnesium contributes to a reduction of tiredness and fatigue, electrolyte balance and normal protein synthesis.
ZERO Neutral electrolyte tablets let you take control of your sports drink. With no flavor or sweetness, simply drop a tablet into water, supermarket cordial or diluted juice to create a zero-calorie sports drink. ZERO Neutral tablets use the same great electrolyte hydration formulation that is found in the flavored ZERO tablets but without any flavoring. This makes the rehydration tablets an ideal option to top up the electrolyte content of your existing sports drink, which is especially useful when the conditions are hot and sweaty.
Salt tablets, or salt pills, may help replace low levels of sodium in the body. Sodium is both a mineral and an electrolyte. The body needs electrolytes to regulate fluids in the body, ensuring hydration and helping the body function well.
An underlying medical condition, such as cystic fibrosis, can cause the body to lose more salt in sweat, especially in children and young adults with the condition. A doctor may prescribe salt tablets to prevent hyponatremia from developing.
A 2021 study into the effect of sodium supplements and climate during ultramarathons, found that salt tablets did not appear to protect athletes from symptoms of low electrolytes, such as cramps. Instead, they found that factors such as body mass, longer training distances, and avoiding excessive fluid intake were more important in preventing these issues.
Salt tablets should not cause any specific side effects at their recommended dosage. However, if a person takes far more than the recommended dosage, they may experience hypernatremia, which is when a person has too much salt in their body.
Before taking salt tablets, a person should inform their doctor of anything that may be relevant, such as allergies, underlying health conditions such as high blood pressure or kidney disease, or whether they are pregnant or breastfeeding.
A small 2016 study found evidence to support the use of salt supplementation to prevent dehydration during exercise. Researchers found that a solution of sodium chloride tablets and water helped athletes retain fluid during exercise, compared with athletes who used an alternative glycerol-based solution.
People who wish to take salt tablets to help with dehydration during exercise should talk with a doctor before taking them. They may consider choosing salt solutions and electrolyte or sports drinks instead of salt tablets alone.
A person who takes more salt tablets than the recommended dose may notice irritability, a high heart rate, and dizziness, among other symptoms. People wishing to take salt tablets for exercise should talk with a doctor first.
The solution to the above issues for many athletes is the use of electrolyte tablets. These can be dropped into plain water and will dissolve into a flavored electrolyte-rich beverage. They are easy to transport and provide the needed electrolytes to replace those that are lost through intense and/or long duration exercise.
Interestingly, in the work of Maughan and colleagues, water was noted to be similar to the tested sports drink . Those findings, compared to those of the present study, could be due to differences in the formulations of the two beverages, with Nuun having fewer carbohydrates and more electrolytes. Previous BHI research on differences between young and older adults found that increases in concentration of sodium, not amino acids or carbohydrates, resulted in greater hydration . However, no significant differences were observed between the 1× and 2× concentrations of Nuun, suggesting that there may be a limit to what electrolyte levels are needed to improve fluid retention in a rested state.
No hemodynamic differences were observed across conditions. While dehydration has been shown to impact hemodynamics during  and after exercise , subjects in the current study were at rest throughout the experiment. Future studies involving an exercise condition are needed to better understand the heart rate and blood pressure response associated with varying degrees of hydration following the use of Nuun tablets.
Our data indicate that Nuun electrolyte tablets with water at 1× or 2× concentrations have comparable effects on hydration when at rest and better effects than that of water alone. Future work should focus on differences in hydrating effects between these conditions during physical exertion, where sweating contributes to considerable water and electrolyte losses. In such cases, electrolyte losses may result in differences in hydration capabilities between 1× and 2× concentration. Additionally, excessive consumption of water to rehydrate following prolonged sweating (such as during extended physical activity in heat) can lead to hyponatremia, while using a beverage high in sodium but lacking other electrolytes can result in an electrolyte imbalance, such as decreased potassium levels . While sodium has been shown to promote hydration of the extracellular water compartment, potassium is important to the hydration of the intracellular water compartment and is therefore also important to hydration. It is therefore important to have a well-balanced electrolyte solution for rehydration. Additionally, other physiological processes that effect hydration, including renal function and fluid absorption in the small intestines are altered during exercise. This may cause differences in the hydrating abilities of the two concentrations of Nuun [18,19].
Beyond hydration, electrolytes are important to athletic performance and general health. Electrolytes are important to muscle, neural, and cardiovascular function [20,21,22]. Electrolyte imbalances may lead to muscle cramps and hyponatremia, leading to a higher risk of serious injuries, including coma, respiratory arrest, and death [6,22]. Electrolyte imbalances with dehydration can also lead to rhabdomyolysis. Using a well-balanced electrolyte solution, such as Nuun, along with water may help in maintaining an optimal electrolyte balance. Exercise in heat can also lead to hypotension, diminishing the nutrient availability to muscle and possibly leading to heat stroke. The effect of Nuun electrolyte solutions on hemodynamics with exercise in the heat should also be considered in future work.
Gu GU offers a large range of electrolyte replacement products, from gummies to gels to tablets. GU electrolyte tablets are more slightly more economical and have a higher sodium content than a Nuun tablet. I also love the stronger flavor of GU tablets; the taste is actually quite nice and rather than drinking flavored water it tastes a bit more like drinking an actual drink. A small difference I have found between GU and Nuun tablets is that GU tablets do take a bit longer to totally dissolve, sometimes 8 minutes or more. Gu tablets are great for someone who likes flavored drinks (like Gatorade) and isn't looking for a caffeine boost. 781b155fdc